Skip to main content

Citations & Avoiding Plagiarism

How to cite sources using MLA, APA or Chicago. Also has resources for understanding and avoiding plagiarism.

First Steps

1st: Choose a citation style.

ex. MLA, APA or Chicago

2nd: Identify what type of resource you are citing.

  • ex. book, magazine, newspaper, interview, online video, email, blog, etc. 

TIP If you are not sure what type of resource you are using Google the title or ask the librarian.

3rd: How did you access the resource?

  • free web  (ex. you found the resource using Google/Bing etc)
  • library database  (ex. you logged in with a username/password)
  • in print, real life (ex. you held the item in your hand / saw in real life)

4th: Find the appropriate formula using the criteria above.

  • ex. MLA - Journal Article in a Library Database
  • ex. APA - Book in Print
  • ex. Chicago - Image on a Website

APA - Finding Citation Formulas

5th: Creating the citation.

Citation Generator
Citation Guides
APA Tutorial

Formatting APA References Page

6th: Formatting the Works Cited Page

Sample APA References Page

Annotated Bibliography - APA Style

Reference List

Sources cited in your paper must appear on a reference list. This page should meet the following guidelines:


  • A reference list appears as a separate page at the end of your paper.

  • Title the page "References" and center the title at the top of the page.

  • Each source cited in your paper should be represented in your reference list.

  • Double space the page. Do not include extra spaces between entries.


  • Write out the last name and first initials for each author of a given work. 


  • Capitalize the first words of the title & subtitle of each source, as well as any proper names.

ex. How to succeed in business without really trying: Broadway and beyond


  • Do not italicize titles of journal articles or essays.


  • A reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to authors' last names.

  • Entries without authors should be arranged alphabetically by title within the reference list.


  • ‚ÄčHanging Indent: The first line of a citation is flush on the left margin and each subsequent line indented one-half inch (one tab)


Sample APA Reference Page from EWU highlighting formatting criteria listed above this image.

from EWU Library

Citation Workshop: Fall 2018

ACTIVITY: Create either a MLA Works Cited Page or an APA References Page for the following resources.

Work Cited Pages: Create your Works Cited pages using the Google docs below, by group. 

Research Help

Contact Options

Our professional librarians are available to help you with using any of the library's electronic resources. Please contact us if you require assistance.

null In Person
SFCC, building 2.
null By Email
null By Phone
509.533.3834 or 1.800.251.1972
null By Chat
Ask Us 24/7!