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Citations & Avoiding Plagiarism

How to cite sources using MLA, APA or Chicago. Also has resources for understanding and avoiding plagiarism.

First Steps

1st: Choose a citation style.

ex. MLA, APA or Chicago

2nd: Identify what type of resource you are citing.

  • ex. book, magazine, newspaper, interview, online video, email, blog, etc. 

TIP If you are not sure what type of resource you are using Google the title or ask the librarian.

3rd: How did you access the resource?

  • free web  (ex. you found the resource using Google/Bing etc)
  • library database  (ex. you logged in with a username/password)
  • in print, real life (ex. you held the item in your hand / saw in real life)

4th: Find the appropriate formula using the criteria above.

  • ex. MLA - Journal Article in a Library Database
  • ex. APA - Book in Print
  • ex. Chicago - Image on a Website

MLA - Finding Citation Formulas

5th: Creating the citation.

Citation Generators: MLA

Citation generators are only as good as you are. 

Make sure you are using the correct template for your source and access point.  (ex. article on a website vs. news article from a database)

Make sure you are inputting all the necessary components.

Citation Formulas: MLA

Formatting MLA Works Cited Page

6th: Formatting the Works Cited Page

The Works Cited page is a list of the sources you referred to in your paper.
  • The Works Cited page is a separate page at the end of your paper/project.
  • Your last name and the page number go in the upper right corner of the page.
  • Center Works Cited 1” from the top of the page.
  • Double-space within and between entries. No extra spaces between entries.
  • The first line of each entry begins on the left margin. Additional lines are indented ½ inch. This is called a “hanging indent.”‚Äč

    TIP Go to YouTube and search "hanging indent" and your word processing software (Word, GoogleDoc, Pages...) for how to create indent the second lines of your citation entry.
  • List entries in alphabetical order by the first work of the entry ignoring AAn or The
Sample MLA 8 Works Cited Page

sample of a properly formatted MLA 8th edition Works Cited page

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