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SFCC Library Workshops

This guide provides up-to-date information about currently scheduled information literacy workshops.

Workshop Video and Presentation

Where to find Data & Statistics Online

All CCS Students, Staff, and Faculty now have FULL ACCESS to the Spokane Public Library, including some great databases for finding data and statistics. The majority of these resources are helpful for accessing data related to business and marketing. 

  • Business Source Complete: Full-text journals for business, including marketing, management, accounting, and economics, as well as detailed information on public and private companies.
  • Gale Business’ Demographics Now: Searchable demographics and consumer business statistics, with directory information and easy business startup reports.
  • Data Axle Reference Solutions: Reference Solutions has vital information on every business and consumer in the United States and Canada, helping researchers find valuable sales leads, conduct market research or competitive analysis, and do effective marketing and outreach. 

To access the databases listed above you'll need a Spokane Public Library Card. If you already have a card follow the links to sign-in. If you need a Spokane Public Library Card follow the steps in this library guide.

The Difference Between Data & Statistics

What is the difference between Data and Statistics?

Data is the raw information from which statistics are created.

Statistics provide an interpretation and summary of data.


  • Datasets
  • Machine-readable data files, data files for statistical software programs

If you want to understand a phenomenon, you want data. Data can be analyzed and interpreted using statistical procedures to answer “why” or “how.” Data is used to create new information and knowledge.

Raw data is the direct result of research that was conducted as part of a study or survey. It is a primary source. It usually comes in the form of a digital data set that can be analyzed using software such as Excel, SPSS, SAS, and so on. This is what a data set looks like:


  • Statistical tables, charts, and graphs
  • Reported numbers and percentages in an article

If you’re looking for a quick number, you want a statistic. A statistic will answer “how much” or “how many”. A statistic repeats a pre-defined observation about reality.

Statistics are the results of data analysis. It usually comes in the form of a table or chart. This is what a statistical table looks like:

Example Statistic: Table 1082. Top 25 Domestic Airline Markets-Average Daily Passengers: 2014

Source: Loyola University of Chicago & Statistical Abstract of the United States

Citing Data and Statistics

Yes, you need to cite your data, just as you would cite information you found in an article, a book, a webpage, or any other format.

Here are some resources to help you cite your data:

Guide from MIT on how and why to cite data.

Data citation for Statistics Canada data.